Sunday, January 07, 2007

Quaker History - period ended 1.15.2006

Quaker History/Philadelphia/Meetinghouse/America's Big Ben/Birmingham News/Birmingham/AL/USA/14-Jan-2006/Chicago Tribune/2 Total Instances .The bedraggled teenager had just arrived in Philadelphia, a young boom town in 1723 compared to old, established Boston, the city of his birth. He had little money, few clothes and no friends there. As he walked by a young woman standing in her father's doorway, she thought he made "a most awkward, ridiculous appearance."

The 17-year-old wandered the streets, eating a loaf of bread, until he saw a group of well-dressed people walking with purpose. He followed them into the main Quaker meeting house and sat down.

"Being very drowsy thro' Labor & want of Rest the preceding Night, I fell fast asleep, and continu'd so till the Meeting broke up, when one was kind enough to rouse me," he recalled several decades later in his autobiography. "This was therefore the first House I was in or slept in, in Philadelphia." ….


Quaker History/Urban Planning/Lynch, John/Nothing morbid about Old City bicentennial/Lynchburg News and Advance/Lynchburg/VA/USA/1-Jan-2006//... So John Lynch, the stolid Quaker who had painstakingly laid out Lynchburg in equal lots, found another acre in his holdings for a cemetery. ...


Quaker History/Underground Railroad/Women//Events honor legacies of King, Tubman/Arlington Advocate/Arlington/MA/USA/11-Jan-2006//... My Sister," a multi-media presentation that combines storytelling, acting, puppetry and song, to tell the story of Harriet Tubman and the Quaker women who ...


Quaker History/Underground Railroad/Wild about wildlife at Wolf Lake/Gary Post Tribune/Gary/IN/USA/15-Jan-2006//... “It wasn’t just the simple white Quaker helping the slaves, and we’re trying to capture the complexity of it,” Dinius said. ...


Quaker History/Swamp Meeting//Bethlehem-to-Philadelphia road has long history/The Express Times/Quakertown/PA/USA/1-Jan-2006//... The word swamp did not refer to a marshy area but was a German word denoting "rich land." An early name for a Quaker meeting near Quakertown was Swamp Meeting. ...


Quaker History/Slavery/Underground Railroad/Robinson, Rowland&Rachel/Ferrisburgh farm a busy Underground Railroad stop/Rutland Herald/Rutland/VT/USA/12-Jan-2006//….Vermont hosted 11 Quaker meetings in 1828, eight of them in Addison County.

“If you look at the executive committee of the Vermont Anti-Slavery Society over the years, 80 percent were from Addison County,” Williamson said. “It was a center of abolitionist sentiment in the state.”

The vast majority of fugitive slaves found freedom through border states such as Ohio and Pennsylvania.

“There were vastly more fugitives coming through there,” Williamson said. “Some of them were recaptured. Some made it through.”
In August 2004, the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center opened in downtown Cincinnati. The building features three pavilions totaling 158,000 square feet, with provocative exhibits such as an actual two-story slave pen.......Rowland T. Robinson and his wife, Rachel, were the second of four generations of Robinsons. Devout Quakers, they took part in regional and national gatherings in Albany and New York. By the 1830s, their reputation was well-known and trusted friends began sending them freedom-seeking slaves.

“They had a lot of connections,” said Rokeby Director Jane Williamson said. “They had Quaker friends in Philadelphia. These people thought of the Robinsons, No. 1, because Vermont was a safe haven and, No. 2, the Robinsons had a big sheep farm. In the 1830s and ’40s Vermont was sheep country. There were several large sheep farms and Rokeby was one of them. People figured the Robinsons can always use another farm hand, and if they can’t somebody else probably can.” ...


Quaker History/Prison Reform/Penitence/Sounds of Summer: Eastern State legacy lives on/ABC Online/Sydney/Australia/Oceania/2-Jan-2006//... word penitentiary. Pennsylvania had a heavy Quaker tradition, which meant repentance of sin was a central guiding principle. A group ...


Quaker History/Penn, William//Guest Essay: I trust local school boards much more than .../Chambersburg Public Opinion/Chambersburg/PA/USA/13-Jan-2006//Well, one problem with this "relief thing" is that when Harrisburg finishes destroying local control and our excellence as well, I will have to move to another state. I'll have to leave my beloved land of Quaker William Penn to a state where gambling, drinking and porno-ing are not some sort of state-sponsored "oh-limp-ick" events. And at that point, of course, I will sell my house (what the bankers keep telling me is my "most important investment").


Quaker History/Paine, Thomas//On Father's Day, Send Your Cards to Tom Instead of George/Al-Jazeerah.info/Atlanta/GA/USA/6-Jan-2006//... Born in Thetford, England in 1837 to a Quaker father and an Anglican mother, Paine grew up in an environment of severe social and economic inequality. ...


Quaker History/Paine, Thomas//Regaining Our Common Sense/TomPaine.com/Washington/DC/USA/10-Jan-2006//…. The 230th anniversary of the publication of Thomas Paine’s Common Sense—the brilliant little pamphlet whose arguments literally turned the world upside down— invites reflection both on the state of the nation to which it gave birth and on the state of the left to which it gave rise and whose many generations carried on the fight to realize the democratic vision rendered in its pages. Recalling Paine’s work should serve, as well, to remind us of not only what we stand in opposition to, but also what we stand in opposition for. And ultimately we might ask, “What would Tom Paine do?”

Born in 1737, the son of an English Quaker artisan and an Anglican mother, Paine had a career before coming to Philadelphia in 1774 that included corsetmaking, privateering, tax collecting, preaching, teaching, labor campaigning and shopkeeping, punctuated by bouts of poverty, the loss of two wives, business bankruptcy and dismissal from government service (twice!). And yet as much as he came to despise kingly rule, aristocratic privilege and religious establishments for their oppression, exploitation and corruption, Paine did not pick up his pen to assail Crown, Constitution and Empire out of anger alone.…..


Quaker History/Meetinghouse//Benjamin Franklin, a young American who was going places/The State/Charleston/SC/USA/13-Jan-2006//... Tired from his travels, he stumbles upon a Quaker meeting: “I fell fast asleep, and continued so till the meeting broke up, when one was kind enough to rouse ...


Quaker History/Johnson, Jacob//Irvington offers sense of history, community/Indianapolis Star/Indianapolis/IN/USA/1-Jan-2006//... The community was platted in 1870. - Sam Riche / The Star. • History: Settled by Quaker abolitionists Jacob Julian and Sylvester Johnson in the late 1870s ...


Quaker History/Humanitarian Assistance/War/WWII/The Second Tragedy at Bergen-Belsen/Forward/New York/NY/USA/11-Jan-2006//Two Quaker volunteers organized a team of Hungarian laborers to clean the water tanks, and 96 medical students arrived from London to help treat the victims — aided in their efforts by doctors drawn from among the inmates.


Quaker History/Equality/Penn, William/Baez, Joan/Cottage was built for a king/Charlotte Observer/Charlotte/NC/USA/15-Jan-2006//…Penn Center is a 50-acre enclave that in April 1862 became the first school exclusively for blacks in America, according to Penn officials.

The school was named for Quaker William Penn, started by Philadelphia abolitionists and operated by white missionaries. The school ran for nearly a century. It has since served as a community outreach center and is poised to become a center of a $20 million federal effort to preserve Gullah/Geechee historical sites and culture between Wilmington, N.C., and St. Augustine, Fla.

King came to Penn about a half-dozen times in the early 1960s, primarily for Southern Christian Leadership Conferences to discuss civil rights strategies with activists such as Jesse Jackson, Ralph

Quaker History/Culture/Philadelphia/A fight over courts staged in Phila./Philadelphia Inquirer/Philadelphia/PA/USA/9-Jan-2006//…Philadelphia is home to Sen. Arlen Specter, the moderate Republican chairman of the Judiciary Committee, and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, the federal bench on which Alito has served for 15 years. Organizers also found a welcoming host in the Rev. Herbert Lusk, a longtime Bush supporter whose African American church has twice hosted the President and has received more than $1 million in federal grants for church community programs.

But more than anything, said Tony Perkins, president of the Family Research Council, which organized the event, Philadelphia was chosen because of its history - as the birthplace of the Constitution and religious freedom under the state's Quaker founders.

The first "Justice Sunday" was held in April amid the Senate battle over judicial filibusters of court nominees. The second, in August, preceded confirmation hearings for John G. Roberts Jr., now chief

Quaker History/Culture///Bellamente takes helm of city Chamber/The Gloucester County Times/Gloucester/NJ/USA/12-Jan-2006//... Heritage. Asked what he sees as his biggest challenge, Bellamente modestly gave a nod to the City of Woodbury's Quaker heritage. ...


Quaker History/Culture///Bellamente takes helm of city Chamber/The Gloucester County Times/Gloucester/NJ/USA/12-Jan-2006//... Heritage. Asked what he sees as his biggest challenge, Bellamente modestly gave a nod to the City of Woodbury's Quaker heritage. ...


Quaker History/Culture///Northern Virginia shares Central Va. traits/Charlottesville Daily Progress/Charlottesville/VA/USA/1-Jan-2006//... Not Jesuit and hardly Quaker, the Cavalier attitudes that inform business rule the battlements of educational institutions that lure the young of Northern ...


Quaker History/Civil Rights//Fellin Lecture Focuses on Civil Rights Movement/Benedictine College News/Benedictine/KS/USA/3-Jan-2006//... “Sitting on the worn carpet of the aisle (in the Brown Chapel in Selma) was an overall-clad Quaker, his beaver hat pulled over his ears. ...


Quaker History/Business/Temperance/Philanthropy/A Real-Life Willy Wonka/BusinessWeek/New York/NY/USA/14-Jan-2006//Britain's Cadbury was particularly instructive. Not only had that company found riches in large-scale production of chocolate, but its Quaker owners were benevolence personified. Among other things, the Cadbury family were generous employers who built a model town, Bournville. The combination of an affordable, wholesome product -- backed by British temperance groups and the teetotaler Cadburys as an alternative to alcohol -- and the founders' perpetual do-goodism combined to make Cadbury "perhaps the single most beloved brand in Great Britain," says the author.


Quaker History/Business/Innovation/Celebration: McVitie’s is celebrating the 175th aniversary of .../News & Star/Carlisle/England/USA/14-Jan-2006//…. Author Margaret Forster, who documented the history of the Carr family in her book Rich Desserts and Captain’s Thin, said the brand is recognised all over the world.

“You see Carr’s water biscuits in the most extraordinary places – I’ve seen the brand in Africa,” she said.

“I’ve always felt so pleased to see the packaging.”

They were first produced in 1905 as a refinement of the ships biscuit and celebrated their centenary last year.

Water was used instead of fat to blend the dry ingredients to keep the biscuits fresh on long voyages.

The biscuits are still baked in the tradition established by Mr Dodgson Carr, using a brick oven. The son of a Quaker grocer, Mr Carr was originally from Kendal but set up at Carlisle when he initially rented a shop at 28, Castle Street. Because of its success he was able to set aside money to finance his ambition to build his own mill, to not only make bread but also biscuits.

He bought a piece of land near the canal basin in Caldewgate for £800, built his factory and Carr’s biscuit works was born.

His biscuits were the first to receive the royal warrant from Queen Victoria in 1841. They still hold that warrant today.

In 1848, the brand was so popular, a shop was created at The Strand in London. It sold only six products, all bearing the Carr’s name.

Custard creams, bourbons and ginger nuts are also produced at the factory.

A spokesman for the company said: “We will be doing something to mark the 175th anniversary. It’s a long time to be in business.”

Details will be announced next week.….


Quaker History/Business/Dickinson, John/Search on for Reformation/Sun-Sentinel.com/Miami/FL/USA/1-Jan-2006//... Gadgetry that could have saved the Quaker pioneer will be used to locate what's left of his vessel, "if anything," said Gordon Watts, director of the Institute ...


Quaker History/Architecture/Farming//Safe house/San Gabriel Valley Tribune/San Gabriel/CA/USA/3-Jan-2006//By Ben Baeder Staff Writer. In 1911, a Quaker farmer built his dream home on a hill overlooking the young settlement of Whittier. ...


Quaker History/Architecture/Farming//Safe house/Pasadena Star-News/Pasadena/CA/USA/3-Jan-2006//By Ben Baeder Staff Writer. In 1911, a Quaker farmer built his dream home on a hill overlooking the young settlement of Whittier. ...


Quaker History/Architecture/Farming//Whittier couple restore local landmark/Whittier Daily News/Whittier/CA/USA/3-Jan-2006//By Ben Baeder Staff Writer. In 1911, a Quaker farmer built his dream home on a hill overlooking the young settlement of Whittier. ...


Quaker History/Architecture//What's happening this weekend and next week/London Free Press/London/Ontario/Canada/12-Jan-2006//... NORWICH AND DISTRICT MUSEUM: Quaker meeting house and a 19th-century saltbox house, agricultural exhibit barns, blacksmith shop, broom factory; by appointment ...


Quaker History/Abolition/Women/Arts/Puppets tell story of Underground Railroad/Belmont Citizen-Herald/Belmont/MA/USA/5-Jan-2006//"Are You Ready My Sister" tells the story of Harriet Tubman, conductor of the Underground Railroad, and the Quaker women who helped her bring 300 fugitives to ...

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